The Process of a Build Out: Planning, Design, and Construction

A build out is a crucial concept to grasp for commercial property owners or tenants seeking to find and convert a usable space from raw commercial property. This process involves converting the unrefined commercial space into a functional space that can support its intended purpose. This includes fitting the space with appropriate flooring, walls, electrical wiring, plumbing, and other components essential for the functioning of the space.

Build-outs are essential since commercial spaces are typically not customized to suit a particular use, so they require a conversion that tailors them to the specific business that occupies the area. Commercial spaces like retail stores, medical facilities, restaurants, and offices can all benefit from a build-out.

Build Out Vs Renovation

The distinction between renovations and build-outs is essential. (great article from Forbes here) Renovations involve restoring or updating an existing commercial space to make it more appealing or functional. In contrast, a build-out is the process of converting raw commercial space into a usable space, which may involve more significant alterations.

Tenant Improvements vs Build Out

Moreover, tenant improvements are different from build-outs. Tenant improvements involve changes that tenants make to a leased property to make it more suitable for their business needs. Tenant improvements can include alterations like painting the walls or replacing light fixtures. On the other hand, build-outs are more extensive, involving converting raw commercial spaces to functional spaces.

Process of a Build Out

The process of a build-out involves several phases, including design, permitting, construction, and final inspections. A build-out can significantly benefit a business by enabling it to customize its space according to its specific needs, creating a functional and comfortable work environment. By the end of this article, you should have a good understanding of build-outs, including their importance, differences between renovations and tenant improvements, and how to go about the build-out process.

commercial build out


The planning stage of a build out is critical to its success. During this stage, the business owner or tenant must consider a number of factors, such as the budget, timeline, and the needs of the business. It’s important to work with a team of professionals, such as architects, contractors, and designers, to ensure that the plan is feasible and meets all necessary requirements.

Key factors to consider:

  • Determine the budget and timeline for the project
  • Consider any necessary permits or approvals
  • Evaluate the needs of the business and ensure they are met in the plan
  • Communicate with the team of professionals involved to ensure everyone is on the same page


The design stage of a build out involves creating a plan for the space that meets the needs of the business. This may involve creating floor plans, choosing materials, and selecting fixtures and finishes. It’s important to work with a team of professionals who can help bring the vision for the space to life.

Key factors to consider:

  • Consider functionality and flow of the space
  • Select materials and finishes that align with the business’s brand and image
  • Ensure the design meets all necessary safety and accessibility requirements
  • Work closely with the team of professionals to ensure the design can be successfully implemented


The construction stage of a build out is where the plan comes to life. This involves actually building the space, including installing walls, flooring, plumbing, and electrical systems. It’s important to work with a team of experienced professionals who can ensure that the construction is done to code and meets all necessary requirements.

Key factors to consider:

  • Conduct regular site visits to monitor progress and ensure everything is being done to code
  • Communicate with the team of professionals to address any issues or concerns that arise
  • Make necessary adjustments to the plan as needed
  • Ensure that the final product meets the needs of the business and is up to code

In conclusion, understanding the process of a build out is critical for anyone who is looking to lease or purchase commercial property. A build out involves creating a usable space from scratch, and it can be a complex process that involves a variety of professionals. By working with a team of experienced professionals, business owners and tenants can create a space that meets their specific needs and helps their business thrive.

For all your Commercial Build Out needs contact Eco Design Tech today.

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